GAP ~ Good Agricultural Practices

Food safety is a major concern for all food producers and handlers. Therefore, the utilization of GAP on your farming operation is essential to minimize contamination and ensure quality.

  • Documentation

    • Diagrams & flow charts of operations, water testing plans and results, evidence of proper worker training, and records of fertilizer/pesticide applications and management are all beneficial when it comes to food safety. 
  • Employee Training

    • Properly train employees on equipment operation with food safety and sanitation in mind.
  • Water Quality and Source

    • Water can be a source of microbiological contaminants.  Be aware of your water sources and quality, and identify all potential sources of contamination. 
  • Orchard Floor Management

    • Excluding domestic animals from free access to the orchard, controlling weeds and parking unused equipment away from orchards to keep rodent hiding places to a minimum, and evaluating suitable methods of dust reduction will help minimize the potential for contamination.
    • Prohibit any glass containers from being present in or around your orchards.
  • Field Sanitation and Employee Hygiene

    • Employees should have ready access to toilets and hand washing facilities, and cleaning of the portable toilets should be done with caution to prevent leakage into the orchard areas.
  • Pest Control

    • All animals, including mammals, birds, reptiles, and insects, are potential sources of contamination.  They can harbor and shed a variety of pathogenic agents, such as Salmonella and E. coli.  By developing a program that checks for animal activity, and by removing any unnecessary build-up from any pest activity surrounding the orchards, this will reduce the risk of contamination. 
  • Nearby Hazards

    • Be aware of surroundings and of any potential hazards that may come into contact with your orchard and/or product.


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